UPGRADING R on Mac OSX: Quick and Dirty

A quick note on painless upgrade of R in the OSX environment and I think this should work on most systems. I was originally running 3.2.2 on my macbook and when i tried to install a package i ran into dependency issues and bugs that were fixed in the later version. So, of course back to installing the latest version of R. One issue that always crops up is that since the last install, I have downloaded a bunch of packages from both CRAN and BioConductor and wanted a quick way of updating and re-installing. Previously, I had just worked from a clean install as I did not have any major analysis ongoing and this time it was different as I do have analysis ongoing and did not want to deal with the install on demand. Googling turned up a few suggestions and I used it to construct a quick way to upgrade

First, before re-installing get the .libPaths() value for the current install. Now reinstall R. After reinstalling, we get a list of packages installed in the previous version using the commands below

## shows the path for the new version
>.libPaths()
[1] "/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/3.3/Resources/library"

So we use the paths from the previous version of R

> package_df <- as.data.frame(installed.packages("/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/3.2/Resources/library"))
> package_list <- as.character(package_df$Package)
> install.packages(package_list)

This works to install all packages from CRAN, however I got this error message after:

Warning message:
packages ‘affy’, ‘affyio’, ‘airway’, ‘ALL’, ‘annotate’, ‘AnnotationDbi’, ‘AnnotationForge’, ‘aroma.light’, ‘Biobase’, ‘BiocGenerics’, ‘biocGraph’, ‘BiocInstaller’, ‘BiocParallel’, ‘BiocStyle’, ‘biomaRt’, ‘BioNet’, ‘Biostrings’, ‘biovizBase’, ‘BSgenome’, ‘BSgenome.Hsapiens.UCSC.hg19’, ‘Category’, ‘cellHTS2’, ‘chipseq’, ‘clipper’, ‘clusterProfiler’, ‘ComplexHeatmap’, ‘cqn’, ‘DEGraph’, ‘DESeq’, ‘DESeq2’, ‘DO.db’, ‘DOSE’, ‘DynDoc’, ‘EDASeq’, ‘edgeR’, ‘EnrichmentBrowser’, ‘FGNet’, ‘fibroEset’, ‘gage’, ‘gageData’, ‘genefilter’, ‘geneplotter’, ‘GenomeInfoDb’, ‘GenomicAlignments’, ‘GenomicFeatures’, ‘GenomicRanges’, ‘ggbio’, ‘globaltest’, ‘GO.db’, ‘GOSemSim’, ‘GOSim’, ‘GOstats’, ‘GOsummaries’, ‘graph’, ‘graphite’, ‘GSEABase’, ‘hgu133a.db’, ‘hgu133plus2.db’, ‘hgu95 [... truncated]

As I suspected, the packages from BioConductor were not installed. So I decided to use the same approach and came up with the following:

  • Get a list of the packages installed in the current version from CRAN
> package_df_new <- as.data.frame(installed.packages("/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/3.3/Resources/library"))
> package_list_new <- as.character(package_df_new$Package)
  • Compare that list to the old list and the packages not in the new list are from BioConductor
> package_bioc <- package_list[-c(which(package_list %in%package_list_new))]
  • Finally, install those packages from Bioconductor
> source("https://bioconductor.org/biocLite.R")
trying URL 'https://bioconductor.org/packages/3.3/bioc/bin/macosx/mavericks/contrib/3.3/BiocInstaller_1.22.3.tgz'
Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 54312 bytes (53 KB)
==================================================
downloaded 53 KB


The downloaded binary packages are in
        /var/folders/vd/jrcwgw214pv9svrflbdtjl3m0000gn/T//RtmpKKXIWa/downloaded_packages
Bioconductor version 3.3 (BiocInstaller 1.22.3), ?biocLite for help
> biocLite(package_bioc)
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